Having liberated the Tin Man, the trio proceeds through the forest, only to be accosted by a roaring lion. This utopia is ruled in part by wicked witches. At the end of the story, it showed the wizard provide objects of self-illusion to clearly make the scarecrow, the tinman, and the lion feel better about themselves. Baum was not the first to use the metaphor. In the late 1880s and early 1890s, Populism spread rapidly throughout the Midwest and into the South, but Kansas was always the site of its most popular and radical elements.
My friends, we shall declare that this nation is able to legislate for its own people on every question without waiting for the aid or consent of any other nation on earth, and upon that issue we expect to carry every single state in the Union. This solution to the riddle may have been intended to pull the curtain on a wellworn debate, but it only begs the question: If Oz works so well as an allegory, why discount the likelihood that it was meant as an allegory? In 1899 and 1900, Secretary of State John Hay issued the famous Open Door notes in an effort to prevent rival nations from gaining unfair economic advantages in China. In the 1902 stage adaptation the Tin Woodman wonders what he would do if he ran out of oil. Of course, one can write a satire on a topic without being a supporter. The evidence, however, is entirely circumstantial. The references to gold and silver echo the prominence of monetary politics in the 1890s, especially the bimetallic crusade led by Bryan and the Populists.
The European fairy-tales of old often contained political allegory disguised as legend or myth in times of despotism when people were unable, sometimes even forbidden by law, to speak out about harsh, unfair treatment. Rockoff and others argue the circumstantial case is compelling. In itself, however, this discovery proves nothing. The startled girl emerges from the abode to find herself in a strange land of remarkable beauty, whose inhabitants, the diminutive Munchkins, rejoice at the death of the Witch. Cyclone as metaphor for political revolution; the Aunt-Em-type farm woman is labelled 'Democratic Party'; Puck 1894 The scholarly interpretation of the The Wizard of Oz began in 1964 with an article in a leading journal by Henry Littlefield which revealed the characters and events of The Wizard of Oz as metaphors for actual historical people and events. This was many years ago, long before Oz came out of the clouds to rule over this land.
This was many years ago, long before Oz came out of the clouds to rule over this land. The Winkies, who are forced to work for the Witch of the West, represent the yellow man of Asia, especially the Chinese immigrants and the native Filipinos. Frank Baum's children's book, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz published in 1900 , a political parable of the United States at the end of the nineteenth century, which focused on the election of 1896. Papers on Language and Literature. His antisocial personality and psychotic character made him feared across the country. Having liberated the Tin Man, the trio proceeds through the forest, only to be accosted by a roaring lion.
The Tinman represents the American worker who mostly has populist views. Baum was the editor of the trade magazine read by window dressers. Similarly, although Wall Street and the eastern establishment understood silvers power, common farmers knew little of monetary matters, and bimetalism failed to resonate with eastern workers, who voted against Bryan in droves. The man who is employed for wages is as much a businessman as his employer. The twister that carries Dorothy to Oz symbolizes the Populist cyclone that swept across Kansas in the early 1890s. In conjunction with references to Omaha, ventriloquism, and the balloon, the link between Bryan and the Wizard is a reasonable inference.
In Emerald City, everyone is required to wear green glasses with golden bands, so that nearly everything appears in a resplendent green. Many ascribed their misfortune to the natural elements, called it quits, and moved on. In this time, it was clear that silver vs. Historians and economists who read the original 1900 book as a political allegory interpret the Tin Woodman as the dehumanized industrial worker, badly mistreated by the Wicked Witch of the East who rules Munchkin Country before the cyclone creates a political revolution and kills her. For delivering the Queen from her enemy, the mice pledge obedience to the Tin Man. We say in our platform that we believe that the right to coin money and issue money is a function of government. They say we passed an unconstitutional law.
In his day he saw his son and his tribe gradually driven from their possessions: forced to give up their old hunting grounds and espouse the hard working and uncongenial avocations of the whites. Also, the events that occurred during the Populist Movement involving farmers, their hardships, oppressed workers, and politics mirrored Dorothy, the Scarecrow, the Tinman, and the Cowardly Lion. I ask him, if he will apply his logic to us, why he does not apply it to himself. Emerald City represents Washington, D. After Dorothy and her companions reach Emerald City, the Wizard sends them to kill the wicked Witch of the West. Silver shoes on a golden road? Many scholars have interpreted the book as an allegory or metaphor for the political, economic and social events of America of the 1890s. Yet even without it, the numerous parallels and analogies between the Oz story and contemporary politics were far too consistent to be coincidental 1964, 58.
Authors of later theories found him essential to the story however. His rusted condition parallels the prostrated condition of labor during the depression of 1890s ; like many workers of that period, the Tin Man is unemployed. It did not become unconstitutional until one judge changed his mind; and we cannot be expected to know when a judge will change his mind. The Good Witch represents a Northern electorate who had supported populism. The Lions liquid courage is poured from a green bottle into a gold-green dish, and the Wizards balloon is patched with green silk of various shades.