Properly speaking, the people ought to have been accustomed to the fact that the French government did not fulfill its financial obligations, for since the time of , that is, within two centuries, it had failed to meet its obligations fifty-six times. The French … people also enjoyed more political freedom and a lower incidence of arbitrary punishment than any of their fellow Europeans. He lived a simple life. Political cause : the king Louis xvi and queen Marie Antoinette led a luxurious life. Venetians also freed themselves from Austrian yoke with the help of Sardinian king Charles Albert. This rural majority lived exclusively off the land. For instance, in a civil lawsuit, judges required that both parties pay for the costs of the trial called the épices, the spices ; this, effectively, put justice out of the reach of all but the wealthy.
Only one third of the very unpopular tax on salt, known as the 'gabelle' was redistributed to the King. Perhaps most importantly, how much authority would the king, his public image further weakened after a failed attempt to flee the country in June 1791, retain? France was a wealthier country than Britain, and its national debt was no greater than the British one. Because France was a Nation in chaos because of a high National debt and an unfair tax code. The Americans gained their independence, and the war ministry rebuilt the French army. As bread was a staple, for many, this was simply too much to bear. In order to finance the budget deficit, which amounted to 100 million in 1745, Machault d'Arnouville created a tax of 5% on all revenues the , a measure that affected the privileged classes as well as the rest of the population.
This demonstrated a way in which the people took some power back into their own hands. Consequently, the national debt increased beyond limit. Alone, these causes would not have led to revolution. The King was at an impasse. The system also exempted the nobles and the clergy from taxes with the exception of a modest , an tax on land. There was a severe amount of injustice in the tax system doc.
This was a consequence of the fact that peasants and, to a lesser extent, the poor and those aspiring to be bourgeoisie , were burdened with ruinously high taxes levied to support a wealthy monarchy, along with aristocrats and their sumptuous, often gluttonous lifestyles. There were similar causes for both revolutions. He imposed heavy censorship on press. The Revolution nevertheless freed the state from the trammels of its medieval past, releasing such unprecedented power that the revolutionaries could defy, and Napoleon conquer, the rest of Europe. The reason for this was a mixture ofunhappiness that Louis Philippe, who was nicknamed the 'BourgeoisMonarch', would not enlarge the country's voting … base any higherthan a thirtieth of the population and the anger that thegovernment had moved away from its previous heavily Republican viewto a more conservative one. Most of these people, however, were not wealthy.
The causes of a revolution could be that the people want: a change of government, more power, better living conditions, overall changes. Between 1789 and 1799, however, democracy failed. Under their influence, the king began to introduce certain reactionary reforms. A Powerful Perspective An entire history book could be filled with what caused the French Revolution, plus the resulting effects on France and around the world. Hamscher, The Parlement of Paris after the Fronde 1653—1673, p. They did not pay any heed towards the problems of the common people of their areas.
But the French Monarch, influenced by the clergies and nobles, ranked them as the Third Estate. The main cause of the Revolution was the differences between the three social classes that existed in France at that time. In order to resolve the crisis, the king summoned the in May 1789 and, as it came to an impasse, the representatives of the Third Estates formed a , against the wishes of the king, signaling the outbreak of the. Foury, Institut National de la recherche agronomoique, 2003, p. Social Inequalities 18th century France was still under a feudal system which further served to breed contempt of the poorer classes towards the nobility.
. Frequent elections bred apathy, and filling offices by nomination became commonplace even before Napoleon made it systematic. Origins of the French Revolution 2001. The Revolution also gave new meanings and new ideas to the political ideas of the people. The common people had a strong hatred towards the higher clergy.
The commoners of France the Third Estate had to pay the majority of the taxes. A comparison of the social and economic incidence of taxes collected for the central governments. The French and the American Revolution are emblematic of the moment and occidental human history when the Rationality and not the superstition or the violence of the force decide governing relationship. The Flour War can be seen as a prelude to the. The non-aristocratic members of the Third Estate now represented 98 percent of the people but could still be outvoted by the other two bodies. The reaction of an inept government to a National economic crisisat a time when there was a food shortage and concerns about massstarvation among a fearful citizenry. They included abolishing lots of taxes and replacing them with a land tax to be paid by everyone, including the previously exempt nobles.