For types of resources not covered in this guide e. If you need to cite a different page of the same work, include the page number. The Manual website offers examples of how to cite ebooks in both the notes and bibliography style and the author-date style. What do you know about the author? Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009. Electronic sources do not always include page numbers, so it may be appropriate in a note to include a chapter or paragraph number if available , a section heading, or a descriptive phrase that follows the organizational divisions of the work.
Include both strengths and weaknesses. Place of publication, publisher and date of publication; 7. Whether something is common knowledge is not always clear, so the best idea is to provide a citation for important facts that you bring up if you have any doubt. An example of common knowledge would be: Some chickens lay brown eggs. Bibliography No bibliographic entry is required for photographs. McLelland, Katsuhiko Suganuma, and James Welker, 153-165. For examples of the same citations using the notes-bibliography system, click on the Notes-Bibliography tab above.
Journal article In a note, list the specific page numbers consulted, if any. Page numbers may usually be omitted. If a more formal citation is desired, it may be styled as in the examples below. Put all required information in the footnote or text. For more examples, see the or the. If you are citing an article from a website, for example, follow the guidelines for articles above.
Notes and Bibliography or Author-Date? Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried Boston: Mariner Books, 1990 , Kindle edition. Chicago style format Sample Chicago style format for the first footnote or endnote for an article from one of our library databases: 1. Titles and affiliations associated with the author should be omitted. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2012. Newspaper Articles In most cases, you will cite newspaper articles only in notes, not in your bibliography.
If it is not available there, it may also be found on the copyright page. The, A, An and some business titles e. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Publisher City: Publisher Name, Year Published. Page numbers of citation for footnote or endnote.
For a book written by two or more authors, list them in order as they appear on the title page. Last modified July 27, 2012. Example: Pollan 2006, 99—100 Include a Bibliography at the end. The paper should be approximately five pages. Books with Two or More Authors or Editors First footnote: 1Russell Keat and John Urry, Social Theory as Science, 2d ed.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press. To cite articles found in our , check the article citation or article information page to find publication information. These styles are essentially the same as those presented in The Chicago Manual of Style, seventeenth edition, with slight modifications for the needs of student writers. The following examples show the more formal versions of the citations. You can usually refer to an entire website in running text without including it in your reference list, e. If a journal has continuous pagination within a volume, you do not need to include the issue number: 1John T. End the citation with a period.
Then the future students in the same field could check it out and take it to a desk there to read it. Notes-Bibliography Style: Sample Citations The following examples illustrate citations using notes-bibliography style. However, the section on quotations goes far beyond Chicago in advising about how to modify quotations without changing the wording to fit them into a framing sentence and how to insert editorial comments or omit irrelevant phrases. Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations presents two basic documentation systems: notes-bibliography style or simply bibliography style and author-date style sometimes called reference list style. That fact could provide interesting insight into the validity of a thesis. Mother proofread and edited everthing. Indicate notes in the text of your paper by using consecutive superscript numbers as demonstrated below.
Online Newspaper Article: Newton, Charles. If the book is a reprint edition and is a newly republished version of an older book, include the original year of publication and a period after the period that follows the book title. Note that there is a space following the colon before the page numbers. Bibliography College Archives, Middlebury College Special Collections and Archives. You can then copy and paste the citation text into your footnote or endnote. Book Review Chicago Manual of Style 14.