The application was taken in good part, and under the directions of his majesty, choice was made of a damsel aged seventeen, extremely handsome and accomplished, whose name was Kogatin, 3 and of whom the ambassadors, upon her being shown to them, highly approved. Les Tartares le nomment Cobi. They manu facture here in great perfection all the articles necessary for 1 Kirman is a province of Persia, situated at the south-eastern ex tremity of that kingdom. To get the full impact of the game, a familiarity with Marco Polo's is helpful but not essential. Upon these words being uttered, the mountain moved, and the earth at the same time trembled in a wonderful and alarming manner.
If gain, he said, was their object, he was ready to give them the double of whatever they possessed, and to gratify them with honours to the extent of their desires; but that, from the regard he bore to them, he must positively refuse their petition. A Marco Polo, grandissimo personaggio, viaggiatore straordinario, autore di una delle opere più importanti della storia, voto 5 su 5, e anche più! All the examples convey the idea of fine, white, and soft cotton cloth ; the reverse of what is now called buck ram. Of the Places established on all the great Roads for supplying Post-Horses Of the Couriers on Foot And of the Mode in which the Expense is defrayed. It contains many cities and fortified places, 2 and the inhabitants are of the Mahometan 1 The circumstances attending the destruction of this sect, which, as we have seen in the preceding notes, had erected itself into an indepen dent sovereignty, are noticed by Abu lfaraj, Hist. خان مغول، همچون كودكى هشتاد ساله كه حوصله اش سر رفته و پيوسته به دنبال چيزهاى جديد است، از اين مسافران غريب شديداً استقبال مى كند و نمى گذارد به كشورشان برگردند.
Of the new City of Tai-du, built near to that of Kanbalu Of a Rule observed respecting the Entertain ment of Ambassadors And of the nightly Police of the City. The inhabitants in general gain their livelihood by trade and manual labour. If you come to it with that expectation, you will probably be disappointed. We shall now speak of the city of Baldach. خان مغول، همچون كودكى هشتاد ساله كه حوصله اش سر رفته و پيوسته به دنبال چيزهاى جديد است، از اين مسافران غريب شديداً استقبال مى كند و نمى گذارد به كشورشان برگردند. I finished the game in less than 4 hours and for me, the principal fault of the game is the subite end. In the ages in which our author wrote its popula tion appears to have been chiefly Hindu; as in more ancient times it was esteemed one of the principal seats of that religion and of Sanskrit litera ture.
Some early commentators were disturbed that Polo doesn't mention what we now call 'The Great Wall of China', but since it wasn't built until the seventeenth century after the Mongols what persuaded to mount up and seek out pastures new that seems a reasonable omission, others were sceptical of the Polo's claim to have worked in government service in China. I shall not attempt to account for this appearance, but shall merely remark, that it seems only to be found in level, smooth, and dry places. Rustichello may have worked up his first Franco-Italian version from Marco's notes. He seems to have written down or dictated the names as they occurred to his recollec tion, without system, and with little regard to arrangement. By the Portuguese missionary Benjamin Goez the word is written Hiarchan; by Du Halde, Yarkian; by Strahlenberg, in his map, Jerken, Hyarchan, or Gurkan; by D Anville, Jerken; by De Guignes, Yerken; and by our modern travellers from the side of Hindustan, Yarkund. This tale may be read as allegory by those who doubt its truth as history. .
Two years later, in 1271, Niccolo Polo and his brother, Maffeo, set off again, taking the 17-year-old Marco with them. It may, indeed, be understood that the desert alone, exclusive of some portion of cultivated country, employed eight days. In 1299 Genoa and Venice declared peace; Polo was released and returned to Venice to marry Donata Badoer. Marco Polo described seeing great salt mines, paper money, and other novelties of China. Marsden has 1250; but he observes that according to the most accurate oriental historians, it was not until the year 1255 that Hulagu whom Haiton calls Haolanus or Haolo, P. During this time, young Polo would receive an informal education, learning the mercantile business and how to read and write Italian. According to their doctrine, whatever is stolen or plundered from others of a different faith, is properly taken, and the theft is no crime ; whilst those who suffer death or injury by the hands of Christians, are considered as martyrs.
Every article of pro vision must therefore be carried along with you. Upon the conquest of Persia by the Moghuls, about the year 1255, it became the principal residence of Hulagu and his descendants, until the found ing of Sultaniyah, in the beginning of the fourteenth century. Zagatai was in fact, as he says, the brother of Oktai, who succeeded his father as grand khan of the Moghuls; but we have no authority for his having embraced Christianity, although the Christians experienced much indulgence under Jengiz-khan and his immediate successors, and Mangu, his grandson, the nephew of Zagatai, is said by Rubruquis and Haitou to have been baptized. Darius and Alexander fought in its shade. The neighbouring district is called Reobarle. Under such circumstances it was that Marco Polo had the opportunity of acquiring a know ledge, either by his own observation, or what he collected from others, of so many things, until his time unknown, respecting the eastern parts of the world, and which he diligently and regularly committed to writing, as in the sequel will appear.
Shiraz, the capital of Pars or Persia proper, and, at some periods, of the Persian empire, is also too well known, by the description of travellers, to render it necessary to say more here than that it ranks next to Ispahan amongst the royal cities. Of the Return of the Grand Khan to the City of Kan- balu after his Victory Of the Honour he confers on the Christians, the Jews, the Mahometans, and the Idolaters, at their respective Festivals And the Reason he assigns for his not becoming a Christian. These kind of assumptions make a lot of his observations nearly useless, revealing more about the author than the subject. The hidden objects list text and items to search for are much too tiny. Over the next 17 years, Marco travels throughout China, witnessing the use of silkworms to make silk, the dangers of tigers, the great ceremonies of monks in Tibet, great tombs and pagodas made of silver and gold in Mien, the Burmese use of gold on their teeth and tattoos, the use of elephants for battle, magicians in Bangladesh, and all kinds of strange wild beasts and fauna that were completely foreign to Europeans.
With a letter in reply from the new Pope Gregory X, and with valuable gifts, the Polos set out eastwards from Venice on their second trip to China. Marco even reports being a governor of the city of Yanghou from 1282 to 1285 this is greatly disputed. The names of Jihon or Oxus, Kur or Cyrus, and Araz or Araxes, do not require any particular remark. This species of absurd error I can neither account for nor palliate, otherwise than by supposing that the date, which does not appear in the Latin versions or Italian epitomes, has been an interpolation in one of the manuscripts followed by Ramusio. Of the Tartar Armies, and the manner in which they are constituted Of their Order of Marching Of their Provisions And of their Mode of attacking the Enemy.
The Town of Kobiam 71 becomes visible for a short space, and water is to be had in abundance. In this province there are many towns and castles ; the neces saries of life are in abundance; the country produces a great quantity of silk, and a manufacture is carried on of silk inter woven with gold. He dared to venture where other men would not go and explore the unknown. Os relatos são precisos tanto quanto lhe era possível e o registo até não é tão europocêntrico como seria de supor. As Polo entertained everyone with his tales of traveling to China, Rusticello wrote them down in a French dialect. Kublai Khan is said to have been very intrigued by these two European men Europeans were very rare in China at the time , and officially invites them to spend time with him in China so that he can learn more about Europe.