Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections The President is indirectly elected by an electoral college consisting of the elected members of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and the members of the legislative assemblies of every state and union territory. If the remainder is less than to 500 is should not be taken into account. The Impeachment can be carried out if the Constitution of India is violated by the President and the proceedings can be initiated in either of the two houses of the Parliament. If the objections raised are found to be correct the court can set aside that election. He exercises these either directly or through officers subordinate to him.
Zakir Hussain 1897-1969 May 13, 1967 May 3, 1969 Third President of India and the country's first Muslim President. In order to be chosen a member of the Rajya Sabha or the State Legislative Council, a person must be not less than 30 years of age. Since the strength of legislative assemblies differ owing to differences in population the exact weight of votes of the members of the Assemblies are determined by a definite formula by dividing the population of the concerned state by the total number of elected members of the Assembly which is further divided by one thousand. Nominated members of state assemblies and the two Houses are not allowed to participate in the presidential election as they have been nominated by the President herself. The official campaign lasts at least two weeks from the drawing up of the list of nominated candidates. Each voter casts one vote and indicates his preferences on the ballot paper. If there are five candidates for example, the voter will give five preferences.
What is an Electoral College and what is its role in the Indian Presidential Elections? He is the second dalit to become the President of India. The President is granted the power to issue ordinances according to the Article 123 of our Constitution. Rajendra Prasad 1884-1963 26th January 1950 13th May 1962 First President of the Republic of India and a member of the Indian National Congress. He appoints the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers. The votes polled First Preference Votes of each candidate are counted and calculations are done taking into account the value of each vote as stands determined on the basis of the formulas discussed above.
J Immunities: For the exercise of his constitutional rights and powers, the President is not answerable to any court. If the president considers a question of law or a matter of public importance has arisen, he can also ask for the of the per. Such an emergency was declared in India in 1962 , 1971 , and 1975 to 1977 declared by. The value of votes from their counterparts in Arunachal Pradesh is just 8. The members of the Constituent Assembly after a lot of deliberations decided in favor of the British model of cabinet- system of Government or Parliamentary form of government for India.
But when the Legislative Assemblies join the Electoral College the position might just be different in view of the party positions in different Assemblies. The voting is totally secret. It maintains the Electoral Roll, supervises the nomination of candidates etc. . Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 1888-1975 13th May 1962 13th May 1967 Second President of India and the reason why Teacher's Day is celebrated every year on 5th September.
Apart from the above conditions, the nomination paper of a candidate has to be signed by at least fifty 50 eligible voters as proposers and at least fifty 50 eligible voters as seconders. This differs from state to state. These members of Parliament belong to different political parties. First woman President of India, , who served as Head of the State before Pranab Mukherjee. These powers should be exercised by him in accordance with the Constitution of India. Each of the electing members are granted different number of votes depending different electoral formulas.
It is then sent to the other house. The counting will continue till a candidate gets the quota of votes required to win. Election Campaign: Thereafter all eligible candidates conduct their election campaigns mostly through their respective political parties. Validly nominated candidates can withdraw within two days. In both - and polls comparing support of the two candidates, Kovind was the more popular choice with 71% and 63% support respectively. A candidate in order to be elected must secure his quota of votes which is 50% of valid votes +1. Article 61 provides for the manner in which he can be impeached on the violation of the Constitution.
Powers and duties Under the draft constitution the President occupies the same position as the King under the English Constitution. He is entitled to a rent free official accommodation in Rashtrapati Bhawan. During such an emergency, the president can take over the entire work of the executive, and the governor administers the state in the name of the president. The candidates can withdraw their nomination papers even after they have been found in order. Article 55 of the Constitution details the procedure of electing the President.
He has to leave his office. The elections to these legislative councils are held under the system of proportional representation. Parties offer candidates organizational support, offer a broader election campaign, looking at the record of government and putting forward alternative proposals for government. In case they indulge in any of the above practices their election can be annulled by the court even after they have been duly elected. Featured Image: Well articulated article. During this process, the president has the right to defend oneself through an authorised. This has been done to ensure that the votes of the states shall be equal to that of population of the country.
Archived from on 30 August 2016. Same was the case with Pranab Mukherjee. There are also present several constitutional checks for preventing a misuse of these emergency powers of the President. For occupying the post of the President, a person must fulfill the following criteria: a He should be a citizen of India. She got 6, 38,116 votes against Sh.