Cases often represent a topic that rests on the fringes of prior investigations because the case may provide new ways of understanding the research problem. Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences raises our understanding of case study methodology to a new level of rigor and sophistication. The way subjects ramble, hesitate, stumble, and meander as they formulate their answers tips us off to how they are thinking and reasoning through political issues. After reading the case and guidelines thoroughly, reader should go forward and start the analyses of the case. The case study is a useful tool for some research objectives, but not all.
This tab focuses on the latter--how to design and organize a research paper in the social sciences that analyzes a specific case. Annual Review of Political Science, 5: 423—50. They are also rooted in an insufficient appreciation of the methodological tradeoffs that this method calls forth. And while much of the earliest criticism of case studies by social scientists centered on their application as a mainly historical narrative, the substantive purpose of case study is to understand that history but to do so in a way that allows for the identification of critical actions, structures, or other aspects that contribute to the end result. Putnam argues that the associational experience of northern and central Italy developed interpersonal trust and fostered more democratic local governments, but the lack of similar groups in the south left them with less. The travails of the case study are not simply definitional.
But the book is much more than an account of how to do case study research. My objective throughout this chapter is to restore a greater sense of meaning, purpose, and integrity to the case study method. Even so, it seems clear that if there is a relationship between democracy and growth it is more likely to be perceptible in a large cross-case setting. The substantive importance of necessary condition hypotheses. Comparative politics and the comparative method. Where the evidence for particular cases is richer and more accurate there is a strong prima facie argument for a case study format focused on those cases.
Of this total use of coal, 70% of it is consumed by the manufacturing. Journal of Law and Economics, 2: 1—40. In this crowded semantic field, each term is defined in relation to others. Words: 509 - Pages: 3. Essence of decision: Explaining the Cuban missile crisis. Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Even among its defenders there is confusion over the virtues and vices of this ambiguous research design. Suggest Areas for Further Research Although your case study may offer important insights about the research problem, there are likely additional questions related to the problem that remain unanswered or findings that unexpectedly revealed themselves as a result of your in-depth analysis of the case. The case study research design constructs its observations from a single case or a small number of cases, while cross-case research designs construct observations across multiple cases. The workforce was nearly halved to 55,000 people resulting in a return to profitability within a reasonable timeframe, and concurrently a new direction was identified. This paper will analyze in detail the jazz saxophone. And it is hoped that the characteristic strengths of this method, as well as its limitations, will be more apparent to producers and consumers of case study research.
Haidt Jonathan , Marcus, George E. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007; Merriam, Sharan B. Arguably, this is because the experimental ideal is often better approximated by a small number of cases that are closely related to one another, or by a single case observed over time, than by a large sample of heterogeneous units. HarperCollins; Revised edition June 2, 2009 , Nassim Nicholas Taleb, Random House Trade Paperbacks; 2 edition May 11, 2010 , D. Recently, Eurasia Group has developed a systematic methodology for measuring political risk. The strengths and weaknesses are obtained from internal organization.
This is revelatory when one is at an early stage of analysis, for at that point there is no identifiable suspect and the crime itself may be difficult to discern. George and Bennett disagree with King et al. For example, a sizeable literature addresses the causal relationship between trade openness and the welfare state. These may be constructed diachronically by observing the case or some subset of within-case units through time or synchronically by observing within-case variation at a single point in time. International Organization, 37 1 : 73—91. The stronger the controversy, the more likely this is. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
A case study paper usually examines a single subject of analysis, but case study papers can also be designed as a comparative investigation that shows relationships between two or among more than two subjects. Experimental and Quasi-experimental Designs for Research. Within-case evidence, or cross-case evidence drawn from a handful of most-similar cases, may be more useful than cross-case evidence, even though the ultimate interest of the investigator is in a broader population of cases. At the time of writing, several decades ago, he could not point to any social science study where a crucial case study had performed the heroic role assigned to it. European Journal of Political Research, 35: 225—53.
Exceptions can be found to each one. Free research papers are not written to satisfy your specific instructions. The research team had accumulated such bulk density from social media campaigns and telephone conversation. Scope of proposition Deep Broad Empirical factors 5. While Lijphart identifies certain benefits of the case study approach, his praise is still conditional, and he favors the value of large-N quantitative studies whenever possible. Employers and active labor market policy at the national and firm levels.
New York: Rowman and Littlefield. However, if there are many suppliers alternative, suppliers have low bargaining power and company do not have to face high switching cost. A case study can be used as a tool for exploratory research that points to a need for further examination of the research problem. Technically, one might say that in a case study the sample consists of the case or cases that are subjected to intensive study. Keeping tabs on partners: the logic of delegation in coalition governments. The issues, interest, institution and information of the nonmarket is identified.