For example, when you are conducting a personal interview, the reader would never be able to access a transcript of that interview. If you only cite from one volume, provide only the page number in parentheses. Place the volume number first and then the page number s with a colon and one space between them. He received his PhD in English Literature and Medieval Studies from the University of Texas at Austin in 2014. If the electronic document does not have an author, use identifying words from the title.
Place a period immediate after the closed parentheses and add another space. The reference information will now appear throughout the text as it is used and also at the end of your work in your reference list. We'll learn how to make a Works Cited page in a bit, but right now it's important to know that parenthetical citations and Works Cited pages allow readers to know which sources you consulted in writing your essay, so that they can either verify your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work. Cite any interview according to the last name of the interviewee for in-text citations. If the interview appeared in a magazine or other publication, then it falls under these guidelines. . Handbook on canvassing for the consulship.
This means that the author's last name and the page number s from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. In all subsequent citations, include only the name of the first author followed by et al. Special note for literary studies students: If it is clear from your paragraph or sentence to which of your works cited you are referring, then you only need the page number in parentheses. Follow the interview information with a parenthetical citation. Here is an example of an in text citation: J. . Originally published in Evelyn S.
If you have any questions, please drop by Circulation Desk on the 1st floor of Pius Library to consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, 2nd printing. To cite converstations, e-mails, or text message communications, only provide a parenthetical citation or weave the information into the text of your paper. Example Richards, Jones, and Moore maintain that college students who actively participate in extracurricular activities achieve greater academic excellence because they learn how to manage their time more effectively 185. If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information: Wordsworth, William. Include their first initial followed by a period, add a space, and follow it with their full last name. In the absence of a date of publication, use the access date or last-modified date as the basis of the citation.
Personal interview overheard and conducted by a third party Structure: Soriano, A. Ne'er saw I, nor felt, a calm so deep! Interview Transcription no recording available Example: Sparkman, C. The examples cited below illustrate common material formats. Allen 1998 have both studied the effects of email monitoring in the workplace. At the end of the quote put the period after the last word of the sentence followed by the parentheses. The defining characteristic of a personal communication is that it does not provide recoverable data.
If the author's name is mentioned in the text Most often, an author's last name appears in the text with the date of publication immediately following in parentheses: Bolles 2000 provides a practical, detailed approach to job hunting. The initial and last name should be capitalized. He received his PhD in English Literature and Medieval Studies from the University of Texas at Austin in 2014. Citing multivolume works If you cite from different volumes of a multivolume work, always include the volume number followed by a colon. You should also use abbreviations e.
As the full information is included in the reference list, you are free to use an abbreviated in-text citation style. If the interview is not titled, then include a single line description. © 2004 The Write Place This handout was written by Judith for the Write Place, St. Citing non-print or sources from the Internet With more and more scholarly work being posted on the Internet, you may have to cite research you have completed in virtual environments. When citing an interview, provide the date the interview occurred: R. .
Please see the examples below for options on how this could work in your writing. . Example Earth has not anything to show more fair. An essay or thesis that quotes or paraphrases a source should be attributed properly in the text and in the reference list in order to avoid plagiarism. When creating in-text citations for electronic, film, or Internet sources, remember that your citation must reference the source in your Works Cited. You will need to include an alphabetized entry in your reference list.
Your credibility as a writer could suffer if you depend too heavily on secondhand sources. Sometimes writers are confused with how to craft parenthetical citations for electronic sources because of the absence of page numbers, but often, these sorts of entries do not require a page number in the parenthetical citation. Mississippi Oral History Program Vol. Take home message: In order to avoid plagiarism, it is extremely important that you cite all words and ideas that you got from somewhere else. Smith proudly stated that fruity candy is much better than chocolate personal communication, October 10, 2010. So how do you do it? Note: Whenever you can, try to take material from the original source and not from a secondhand one.
Note: If you cite the same source a second time within a paragraph, the year of publication may be omitted. You will use the interviewee last name followed by a comma and the date, all in brackets. A comma separates the author's last name and the title; however, there is no punctuation between the title and the page number s. That will determine what additional information you include in the citation. In this part, you will learn the details of third party interview citation with specific guides for in-text citation and reference list, as well as formats and examples. Be sure to italicize the title if the source is a book, and if the source is an article, place quotation marks around the title. If you are using several prose sources, give information about parts, sections, or chapters in addition to page number s in an edition.