May be stimulated by catecholamines and inhibited by phenytoin, alcohol, and lithium. Occurs only in patients with known adrenal insufficiency or in those receiving long-term supraphysiologic doses of exogenous steroids. Women of childbearing age d. Is a metabolic disease in which the primary abnormality is decreased glomerular filtration rate. Thyroid peroxidase inhibitors are used in the treatment of hyperthyroidism e. Technetium-99m 99mTc scan demonstrates a single cold nodule.
Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis Hashimoto disease b. The investigation that would be required for this patient will be? In relation to Calcium, phosphorus A. Mutation abnormalities occur in 15% of fetuses in utero following internal treatment of the mother with radioiodine during pregnancy. More than half of those with hypothyroidism have one or more of the symptoms. Cirrhosis Answer: a, b, d 78. The superior thyroid artery is usually the first branch of the external carotid artery c. Ipsilateral radical neck dissection c.
Neoplaia + iatrogenic + diet Ans: A 75. . D It helps in controlling our body's metabolism. Metformin has the following main side-effects: A. True False A simple urine test using multi-stick does not have the specificity nor sensitivity to accurately detect glucose in a sample of urine. Total T4 or fT4 Ans: C 47.
High dose dexamethasone suppression test C. Thyroidea ima arteries are found in approximately 20% of individuals d. Which of the following statements regarding papillary thyroid carcinoma are true? C cells populate the middle one-third of the lateral lobe of the thyroid. The definitive treatment of choice for toxic multinodular goiter is? None of the above Ans. Base or tip of tail, base of ears, lateral lumbar region C. Most often is diagnosed early in its course when disease is confined to the adrenal gland.
A 30-year-old female presents for evaluation of a palpable thyroid nodule. If hyperthyroidism is secondary to radioiodine use, it will occur within 2 years of treatment. Where is the alopecia typically seen? As I already told u women have heavier thyroids than men, hence the volume of thyroid in women is slightly more than in men. Any form of thyroid abnormality B. The regulation of thyroid function involves pituitary, but not hypothalamic, input. Which of the following is true about the use of radioiodine to treat hyperthyroidism? Inability to tolerance cold c. Benign functional adrenocortical adenoma b.
Synthetic hormones come in tablet form and often are taken for life. May cause electrolyte abnormalities, including hypernatremia, hypokalemia, hypoglycemia, and hypercalcemia, as well as eosinophilia on peripheral blood smear. Inability to tolerance cold c. Is suggested by findings of serum potassium less than 3. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain d. Thyroid peroxidase inhibitors are used in the treatment of hyperthyroidism T e.
Pituitary dependent hyperadrenocorticism + bacterial cystitis B. Further lab exams indicated the presence of thyroid peroxidase antibodies. Mostly from thyroid and small amount from tissue conversion of T4 Ans: B 52. Weight gain, Bradycardia, Infertility, Constipation D. As I already told u women have heavier thyroids than men, hence the volume of thyroid in women is slightly more than in men.
An underactive thyroid can also cause changes to a woman's menstrual cycle, from irregular, heavy periods to a loss of periods. Pulmonary embolus from a hypercoaguable state Answer: b 73. If surgery was not an option? This article deals with questions and answers on thyroid gland, its secretions, diseases and disorders etc. Aromatase inhibitor used in postmenopausal women with breast cancer to block peripheral estrogen production. Both A and D Ans: E 74.
May be relieved by emergent transsphenoidal decompression of the sella turcica. This infant is at risk for which of the following potentially life-threatening problems? The hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, thymus, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, and cervix. Hypothyroidism primary, ie thyroid disease B. Enough thyroxine T 4 is stored in the normal thyroid to provide a euthyroid state for 3 weeks despite absence of iodine intake. Insufficient precursors for production C. Weight loss, Bradycardia, Constipation C.
Adrenal Cortex: Zona Glomerulus E. Elevated glucose levels, especially in obese persons, may be due to A. Equally from thyroid and tissue conversion of T4 B. Dry hair, Long guard hairs, Fading coat colour C. But there is a phase of life in both males and females where no significant difference between the volumes of the male and female thyroid was observed. Should be resected if biochemically active, if greater than 6 cm. Adrenal dependent hyperadrenocorticism + renal failure C.