These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review. Has this study been cited? Also, it is important to know that a literature review is an analysis that provides background information on a topic a scholar uses to explain something with better words, or just to give an entrance to a further and more explanatory subject. For example, a literature review that focuses on continuing research about the emergence of German economic power after the fall of the Soviet Union. It is important to really understand what you are reading. Use Caution When Paraphrasing When paraphrasing a source that is not your own, be sure to represent the author's information or opinions accurately and in your own words. But be very careful not to fall into the trap of rejecting research just because it conflicts with your. What should your margins be? Is the other more influential or giving a proved answer? The sources include government reports, websites, scholarly articles etc.
The only real way to evaluate is through experience, but there are luckily a few tricks for evaluating information quickly and accurately. A literature review is a review of various pieces of literature on one topic, ranging from series of books to shorter pieces like pamphlets. Literature reviews are a basis for research in nearly every academic field. You may be able to write a paragraph or so to introduce the focus of each section. Not to mention that this way they can browse any category they like if they lack time to read the entire review. Are the author's arguments supported by evidence e. First, literature reviews are not bibliographies.
What discipline am I working in e. The structure of your literature review will be based on the patterns you discover. The world of scholarly research is vast, and if you choose too broad a topic, the research process will seem never-ending. To appreciate the effects of co-witness information on eyewitness reports, we must examine, in detail, the different methodologies that have been used to investigate this topic. As with everything, first impressions matter. Any journals found there can be regarded as safe and credible. However, sometimes you may need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body.
To do this the person must never generalize, calling things as they should be called and always making the subject as something active, without losing the meaning and in the easiest way to understand. A literature review can be a precursor to the , or it can be an entire paper in itself, acting as the first stage of large research projects and allowing the supervisor to ascertain that the student is on the correct path. The survey nature of the literature review does not allow for in-depth discussion or detailed quotes from the text. A summary is a brief overview of the important information in the publication; a synthesis is a re-organization of the information that gives the writing a new and unique meaning. Jones and Johnstone make the claim that the need to control one's environment is a fundamental need of life 2001 , and suggest that the approach of most institutions, which is to provide total care, may be as bad as no care at all. In the case of this Educ 7001 introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus. Because this is what your title would suggest.
This means that the person should never have to put together a series of unrelated studies on a field, but represent and analyze an idea, starting from the point of a previously developed question, giving some answer to it and proving its importance. The important thing is to report other researches done. In order to understand literature reviews, it's best to first understand what they are not. How accurate and valid are the measurements? However, it is not enough to find a gap. This is the most common form of review in the social sciences. You can have the best of intentions and a form of prose that convinces the staunchest of skeptics, but if your sources aren't viable, that's it. Or, maybe they did and you were playing Plants vs Zombies.
There are certain circumstances when a literature review works as a study on its own, in which case writing the conclusion is an understatement. This helps to eliminate the non-relevant work and also some of the lower quality research. You've got the hard part down. Conclusion After presenting your findings in the body paragraphs, there are 3 final objectives to complete in the. If applied properly, it can present the development of a certain concept over time and provide examples in the form of literature. State University of West Georgia, Distance Education Center. This is because you are encouraged to go through the same sequences twice, and while it looks like a waste of time, it is actually an excellent way to build the foundation of your literature review.
In line with what dear Dr. You have also to be able to convince your reader that what you are doing is important and needs to be done. Please help to this article by more precise citations. To avoid this, we strongly recommend you take notes as you read. A literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories. Lastly, a literature review should combine a summary and a synthesis of the documents it is using.
Therefore, future investigation using the Natural Discussion Group methodology would be helpful to better understand the effects of discussion on memory. Sort through other current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects. You can use any interesting quotes that you might find useful to your thesis. Failure to do this will completely invalidate the literature review and potentially undermine the research project. For the Internet in American presidential politics project, one methodological approach would be to look at cultural differences between the portrayal of American presidents on American, British, and French websites.
By undertaking a literature review we are able to critically summarize the current knowledge in the area under investigation, identifying any strengths and weaknesses in previous work, so helping us to identify them in our own research and thus eliminate the potential weaknesses, whilst bringing to the fore the potential strengths. Therefore, it will discuss only that research which leads directly to your own project. Is there an aspect of the field that is missing? While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature. In such a case, the review usually precedes the methodology and results sections of the work. Often this form is used to help establish a lack of appropriate theories or reveal that current theories are inadequate for explaining new or emerging research problems. I hope this was useful.