The Chinese side is willing to provide high-quality industrial capacities to Pakistan and encourage reputable Chinese companies to make an investment in Pakistan. Preferential Chinese government loans are provided for these projects. The existing road network shall be used in the beginning, developing the missing connections first, with the easiest one on priority, through scientific planning. Answer: Efficient and fast transportation network is of vital importance to the economic development. Both sides are working together to develop a Gwadar smart port city master plan. Pakistan and Turkey have historically enjoyed close relations and many Pakistani leaders have expressed admiration for Erdogan. Even more dismal was the statistic that listed 45 women being educated for every man.
If it cannot provide meaningful incentives, it should at least remove some of the disincentives faced by entrepreneurs and industrialists. This is particularly serious in the areas where the private sector is unlikely to locate due to the lack of infrastructure. China and Pakistan are actively promoting the East Bay Expressway project and the New Gwadar International Airport project. It will effectively promote the economic and social development of Pakistan. The country is full of talented and honest professionals. With this dearth of qualified personnel, there is no room for economic growth as there are no new minds to head the growth. The prioritized or early harvest projects mean the projects which will be completed before 2018 or 2020 for hydropower projects.
Who in the civilized world could imagine that influential people can easily get their billions of rupees loans written off in Pakistan without facing any accountability? Generally, people are expressing their dismay over foreign loans that continue to pile up at a phenomenal rate. Now it is up to the government of Pakistan that how far they will be able to retain this positive economic situation of Pakistan. On 1st September, 2016, Ground Breaking Ceremony was held for the Gwadar Free Zone, which has drawn much attention from the business community. Jihad acknowledged the efforts of the government for promoting education, infrastructure improvement and poverty alleviation. Pakistan wants strong partnerships with multilateral institutions to build regional connectivity projects as regional connectivity holds the key to regional peace and prosperity. Despite inflation being well below double digits, interest rates are as high as 15 to 18 per cent on loans! Pakistan is believed to have been told to sign an agreement for this post monitoring programme for which talks with Pakistani authorities are being conducted both in Islamabad and Dubai. The consumers also alter their buying decisions with a lag and they take time and due consideration in moving from more expensive imports to local substitutes and this change will occur only if local substitutes of imported goods are available.
There is also a need to associate known professionals and the private sector credible economists for working out short, mid and long term policies to benefit the ordinary people instead of looking after the interests of the industrialists, rich agriculturists and the corporate sector. While the rest of the world was busy building this base, greedy colonists who did not care about the country and thus paid no attention to its development were exploiting countries like Pakistan. Khan, Quetta-Sorab roads as short-term projects. Social tensions are rising with the growth of the absolute number of poor, illiterate and jobless, as employment opportunities and wages decline due to the stagnating economy. The decision came after the Pakistani stock markets tumbled by 3. It is of vital importance to the uplifting of the level of economic cooperation and the expansion of the space for industrial cooperation between our two countries.
Pakistan, for decades, has followed a set of policies that have encouraged investments in real estate, guaranteed profit projects, and industries enjoying unfair tax exemptions. For many this may be slightly far-fetched but then it certainly warns of serious consequences in case government after government does not realize the gravity of the problem and does not stop seeking undue foreign loans that are accumulating to a dangerous level. Pakistan is a classic example of this theory. As a result of such policies, we saw a fall in investment and growth rates, while unemployment, poverty and inequality rose. However, the concept and theory of J curve can help us understand this situation.
This translates to mass hunger and hard times for the agricultural sector whenever the agrarian lands are ravaged by floods, or conversely, by droughts. Similarly, on the import side after currency depreciation, the import bill initially increases. The meeting called for promoting growth to achieve the objective of spreading the fruits of development to the increasing middle income groups. Pakistan needs to introduce reforms in every sector. A strategy that sought to build infrastructure through projects with the government guaranteed profits, financed largely through foreign currency debt, seems to have fallen apart. However, according to the J curve theory, the deficit will decline over time when export orders will be renegotiated by our buyers and local consumers will shift consumption from imported goods to local substitutes. A number of studies have been done in this regard.
So far I has only postponed the inevitable, default by piling up further debts at abominably high rates. Like other third world countries, in Pakistan, substandard housing, inadequate sanitation and water supply, and widespread malnutrition contribute to spread of disease and to high infant, childhood, and maternal mortality. It is not only the duty of Government of Pakistan but we the citizens of Pakistan should also work for the betterment of our country. Previously the reason was given frequent changes in the government but since 2002 every government completed its tenure and was having full time to overcome the economic problems. Before this paper begins finding solutions to the problems at hand, we need to remind ourselves of the key issues. China Overseas Ports Holding Company Ltd. The poor system of tax collection is a major cause of budgetary deficiency in the form of income and expenditures.
Such conditions are hardly conducive to political and social stability, without which growth will remain a distant dream. The economic engine and cycle of Pakistan should keep on be moving up so that success and development of our country can be guaranteed. Meanwhile, the total generation capacity has increased in the last five years, it has not helped Pakistan to grow its exports which have remained almost flat during the same period. Efforts are being made to improve the livelihood of the local people, particularly the construction of educational and medical projects such as China-Pakistan Friendship Primary School in Faqeer, Gwadar, Gwadar Hospital, Gwadar Vocational College, and Water Desalination Plant. After months of speculation, Pakistan's new government has decided to approach the International Monetary Fund for financial assistance as it faces an economic crisis marked by a mounting balance of payments deficit and dwindling foreign currency reserves.