The turntable was rotated 90 degrees by hand. While your study might not have supported your original predictions, your finding can provide important inspiration for future explorations into a topic. If some of your results fail to support your hypothesis, do not ignore them. The other way is to present a section and then discuss it, before presenting the next section with a short discussion. Similarly, the above title could be restated as: Estrogen Stimulates Intensity of Nose-Twitch Courtship Behavior in Mice 4. In the age of spreadsheets, where the computer program prepares all of the calculations for you, this is becoming less common, although you should specify the program that you used and the version. Always report your results with parenthetical reference to the statistical conclusion that supports your finding if statistical tests are being used in your course.
In situations when multiple appendices are used, the Table and Figure numbering must indicate the appendix number as well see. Someone else should be able to go to the exact location of your study site if they want to repeat or check your work, or just visit your study area. You can also use appendices if you have many other helpful figures or tables that cannot be fully included in the text of your academic article. The task is a manageable one, provided that you sit down and think logically about what needs to be made unequivocally clear. Style: The style in this section should read as if you were verbally describing the conduct of the experiment. Whereas the can only make the simplest statement about the content of your article, the Abstract allows you to elaborate more on each major aspect of the paper.
Writing a Results Section Too Much Information? How did I solve the problem? Seeds exposed to the 2-day treatment had the highest cumulative germination 84% , 1. The results section must contain more than the figure and table; there must be a paragraph describing the results. No matter what your subheadings are, you'll want to organize your Results section so that the strongest findings are listed first and the weakest findings are left until the end. The text should also act as a link to the discussion section, highlighting any correlations and findings and leaving plenty of open questions. Focus your efforts on the primary research journals - the journals that publish original research articles. Table is never abbreviated, e.
The findings of your research should be included in a separate section of your academic article, as it is the only section that contains data and results. Therefore, it is the most vital part of the article. Include details about how your participants were chosen, who they were, and any unique features that may set them apart from the general population. You should also indicate the used to analyze your results, including the probability level at which you determined significance usually at 0. Table One shows that almost a quarter of….
Review of Sample 3: There are two problems with the graph itself: neither axis contains the proper unit of measurement labels, and the none of the lines are marked as to what test tube each represents. How to write a results section Statistical Significance In this section, you present the data in a straightforward manner with no analysis of the reasons the results occurred or the biological meaning of the data these comments are reserved for the Discussion. Key results depend on your questions, they might include obvious trends, important differences, similarities, correlations, maximums, minimums, etc. As a general rule, raw data does not need to be included; it should be formed into some sort of graph whether that be a line graph, a bar graph, a pie graph, or whatever you feel is necessary to point out the important trends that help tell your story; you decide what the data calls for. Be sensible, include what you feel needs to be included, and do it in a clear and understandable way, for the results are the primary ingredients upon which your entire paper is based. How will this study advance our knowledge? Cite, instead, articles that reported specific results relevant to your study.
A package such as the main claims is that they get scratched. If raw data is to be included, place it in an appendix or set of appendices that are referred to in the text. They also need to outgrow her socks. So, in an introductory course your analysis may consist of visual inspection of figures and simple calculations of means and standard deviations; in a later course you may be expected to apply and interpret a variety of statistical tests. This is a great way to draft a proper example of results section and do your own work in accordance with the requirements.
For most , there are two ways of presenting and organizing the results. Also note that there is a brief sentence describing what the numbers are and where they came from. There should not be any discussion in the results section that goes in the discussion section. All patients underwent elective intra abdominal procedures. The Results section should be around that should be sequenced to present your key findings in a logical order. So what exactly do you need to include when writing your method section? If you utilized to choose your participants, it should be noted here. A brief paragraph of explanation should be included for each table or figure as well so that the reader knows exactly what he or she is looking at.
Sample 4: Figure One shows the absorbance values read at 540 nm of each of the three experimental tubes compared to the time in seconds. A majority of readers will find your paper via electronic database searches and those search engines key on words found in the title. It will depend on your professor and the experiment being performed. For example, you may have noticed an unusual correlation between two variables during the analysis of your findings. All the results should be explained in the text of the results section as well as being presented in either figures or tables.
On the other hand, the results obtained should be recorded in chronological order, and without any comments. You should also never include tables and figures without referring the them in the text. Instead, you want to pull key data from tables and figures in the text to highlight their importance. Note that superfluous detail and otherwise obvious information has been deleted while important missing information was added. If you have performed experiments at a particular location or lab because it is the only place to do it, or one of a few, then you should note that in your methods and identify the lab or facility. The method section should provide enough information to allow other researchers to replicate your experiment or study. Just a small amount of writing to go from this point.
Our on-site scientific writing workshops can range from 1-2 hours to several days in length. Function : The Literature Cited section gives an alphabetical listing by first author's last name of the references that you actually cited in the body of your paper. Always read through each section of your paper for agreement with other sections. Then, the proper labels must be assigned to each axis if you choose to use a bar or a line graph. Suppose you found that male Biology majors are, on average, 12.