The concept of quality is central to research on consumer behavior and marketing. These stakeholders typically take the lead in organizing an event operations planning team and traffic management team day-of-event operations. These stakeholders are classified therefore as: government the host community emergency services general business media and tourism organisations. Regional associations were divided into continents so that there were six sub-categories. An important component of this is providing educational direction and services that aim at professionalising event management and event management practitioners. Decision Maker's Role in Successful Stakeholder Coordination The success of stakeholders meeting the goals of managing travel for planned special events depends on three criteria: integration, adaptability, and transferability. Gladiatorenkämpfe im römischen Reich, Massenspektakel im Nationalsozialismus oder Sozialismus, Karneval vgl.
Special Travel Considerations Table 3-7 lists the various groups that either attend or have a direct interest in a planned special event and may require special accommodations. Stakeholder analysis is the process of identifying stakeholders and assessing their relative importance and influence. In this exploratory research, multiple case studies of various types of festivals in two countries reveal how festival managers work with stakeholders and who they are. When widespread community support is needed, the community as a whole may be the key stakeholder. Based on an extensive literature review, a theoretical framework was developed that illustrates how previous studies have typically identified and differentiated festival stakeholders by listing them or by means of a one-dimensional approach. Other studies suggest a division of event stakeholders into a primary and a secondary category.
Stakeholders are individuals, groups or organisations that are affected by the activity of the business. The study also found that resource-based power was the primary source of power, whereas network-based power was a secondary and supplementary source. For example, monthly meetings with the local residents association or fortnightly updates with the events sponsors. Inside the event sector, festivals represent a specifi c sub-fi eld that share time similarities and peculiarities as compared to other typologies. A mass-participation road race, for example, can cause traffic disruption to a community, while a proposed new stadium in a residential area may create parking problems, noise and other forms of nuisance to the community. Stakeholders' roles are categorized as regulator, facilitator, coproducer, supplier, collaborator, audience, and the impacted, and the results show clearly that key stakeholders take multiple roles affecting the organization. Both of these groups would be secondary stakeholders.
Communities are both participants and judges of an event. Organizations must cultivate supporters in support of any effort. Often, the use of more than one will yield the best results. Zoning regulations may also have economic consequences for various groups. Был выявлен список стратегий, после чего, респондентам было предложено оценить уровни успешности этих стратегий, а также уровни зависимости фестиваля от различных стейкхолдеров. Even among stakeholders from the same group, there may be conflicting concerns.
Evaluation of the stakeholder process should be an integral part of the overall evaluation of the effort, and stakeholders themselves should be involved in developing that evaluation. Key stakeholders Government officials and policy makers These are the people who can devise, pass, and enforce laws and regulations that may either fulfill the goals of your effort or directly cancel them out. . Eventually, the grid will be filled in with the names of stakeholders occupying various places in each of the quadrants, corresponding to their levels of power and interest. Those with a reasonable amount of power and interest would go in the middle of the upper-right quadrant, etc. Events are effective in creating publicity for the destination through media exposure Goldblatt 2000 , investment through new facilities and infrastructure Sakai 2006 , income through tourism Long and Perdue 1990; Uysal and Gitelson 1994 , and boosting industries downstream Frechtling and Horvath 1999. Here, the largest amount of attention may go to the people in the two lower quadrants, since those with little power often have less experience in such areas as meeting and planning, and less confidence in their ability to engage in them.
These can also be seen as harmful to business and private ownership. Two copies of write-ups, not exceeding 1,000 words, may be mailed to the Section Editor, Associate Professor Ross K. Understanding their power and respecting their environment could become an exceptional promotion for your next event. The management and continued success of festivals is dependent therefore on those stake- holders who are most involved with the festival or- ganization Reid and Arcodia, 2002. In addition, negative environmental impacts and social inequalities became evident. The discussed criteria facilitates good management that, in turn, helps meet the needs of spectators and participants in addition to achieving satisfactory outcomes for each involved stakeholder. This paper examines the role of stakeholders in contributing to successful events.
The incident caused widespread panic. This article contributes to the literature of event tourism, a typology of the event stakeholder powers in a predominately government-owned music festival, and offered practical suggestions to event management. From a social point of view, however, the respondents indicated that the festival benefits the community more than the individual. As the event management industry grows and consolidates worldwide, associations play an increasingly significant role in professional support to the industry by ensuring the continued growth and success of event management professionals. The chapter concludes with an assessment of tourism segmentation studies and implications for further research. Do better than just 'get along with' your stakeholders; relationships will get you everywhere! The task with latents is to convince them that they are true stakeholders, and that the effort will benefit them either directly or indirectly. Purpose: This study aims to examine the extent of collaboration and networking between local festival stakeholders by focusing on the differences in how they evaluate themselves and other stakeholders.
The stakeholder theory deals with the stakeholder management framework and the understanding of the impact of internal and external forces on the organisational context Freeman, 1984; Donaldson and Preston, 1995; Jawahar and McLaughlin, 2001; according to Todd, 2010. This paper reviews the literature on professional associations and specifically explores the educational role of event management associations. It does not matter if the scope of your event is national, regional, state, local, county, city- or community-based, not-for profit, corporate, collegiate, amateur, professional, indoor, outdoor, public or private. The four-cell grid is still useful here, but the attention given to those in each quadrant will be different from that in the other model. Sponsors of Audi Fashion Festival Singapore 2009 includes the Presenting Sponsor Audi, the official card MasterCard, official living by Baker, official mobile phone from Samsung Mobile, and lastly the Official Jewellery by Lee Hwa Jewellery. Bölgeye turist akınının yanı sıra ev sahibi toplumun eğlence ve boş zaman geçirme biçimleri zenginleşmiş ise etkinliğin olumlu sosyal sonuçlarından bahsedilebileceğini, tersine sadece çevre kirlenmiş, rahatsızlık oluşmuş ise olumsuz sosyal sonuçlar oluştuğunu belirtmiştir.
The findings could also be connected to a typology of festivals in the context of institutionalization. The City of Frisco knew the financial risk of taking on such an endeavor as creating the games from scratch. Stakeholder management in that situation means trying to attract representatives of all stakeholders, and treating them all as equals and colleagues, while at the same time leveling the field as much as possible by providing training and support to those who need it. Çalışmada önceki yıllarda kültür başkentliği yapmış olan şehirleri içeren çalışmalar ve çeşitli raporlar incelenerek, kültür başkentliği için gerekli olan başarı unsurları değerlendirilmiş ve benzer etkinlikleri düzenleyecek olan şehirler için önerilere yer verilmiştir. Ten key stakeholders from the sports and tourism areas were interviewed before and after the first edition of the event in 2009 and the data collected were analyzed by means of social network analysis software. I dont care about sports. Tourism scholars traditionally adopt two main approaches, a priori or a posteriori segmentation.