One may choose to alter his perception of a mundane task to something that is interesting and valuable. As a result, the individual may end up feeling worse than before. Adams' Equity Theory Job Motivation John Stacey Adams, a workplace and behavioural psychologist, put forward his Equity Theory on job motivation in 1963. Strengths and Weaknesses of Equity Theory Equity Theory is a good resource for organizations to consider when it comes to understanding social comparison amongst employees. The underpaid group experienced feelings of inequity using the higher paid group members as their comparative others. If you have a credit examiner who compares themselves to other credit examiners in their office, then the referent group would be the rest of the staff.
French and Raven described five sources of power namely reward power, coercive power. Individuals are motivated differently as they all come from different backgrounds. There are similarities with Maslow and Herzberg in that the theory acknowledges that subtle and variable factors affect each individual's assessment and perception of their relationship with their work, and thereby their employer. The hygiene or extrinsic factors like pay and job security lead to job dissatisfaction. An input is the contribution made on the part of the employee.
A group of employees might perceive that a co-worker is over-rewarded, so they might pressure their co-worker to work faster or improve quality. There are similarities with Charles Handy's extension and interpretation of previous simpler theories of Maslow, Herzberg and other pioneers of workplace psychology, in that the theory acknowledges that subtle and variable factors affect each individual's assessment and perception of their relationship with their work, and thereby their employer. The Future of Equity Research Most of the research into Equity Theory thus far has been experimental in nature and concerned with interpersonal relationships. Other people seek to improve the outputs by making claims or demands for more reward, or seeking an alternative job. Journal of Applied Psychology , 5, 561-568. She is immediately leaded to feeling under-compensated considering she does most of the work and Alison just helps.
Thus, a women employee that uses another women employee as a referent tends to lead to a lower comparative standard. Such dissatisfaction if not addressed properly, or in time, leads to employees feeling underappreciated and even worthless which influences the quality and quantity of input that will be made by the employees in future. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76 3 , 458-464. Employees also distinguish differing characteristics of outcomes Siegel, et. Vroom's Theory: This theory was based on the belief that employee effort leads to performance and performance leads to rewards. Be it in school or at work, the reason why people persevere lies on the desire to achieve a certain goal.
The theory is built-on the belief that employees become de-motivated, both in relation to their job and their employer, if they feel as though their inputs are greater than the outputs. Equity Theory shows that one's perception is relative to their own reality. If we feel are that inputs are fairly rewarded by outputs the fairness benchmark being subjectively perceived from market norms and other comparable references then generally we are happier in our work and more motivated to continue inputting at the same level. You are to identify the theory the example represents, who developed the theory theorist , explain the relevance of the theory, and then provide your own personal or professional application example of the theory. Equity developed because of the problems of the common law.
This study adds literature to current research relative to problems in a work setting. Lewin 1941 developed the study of leadership by introducing the concept of social power in terms of the differential between interpersonal force and resistance. Lesson 5: Equity Theory: Is what I get for my work fair compared to others?. The motivation was categorized into factors by Herzberg; motivators and hygiene. The level of equity or inequity and the level of job satisfaction that was felt by both groups were measured after the work assignment using The California Personality Inventory scores for Job Performance and Job Attitudes.
The problem in my workplace is High Turnover rates due to lack of raises, wages, and benefits in the supermarket. The idea of equity sensitivity determines the extent to which an individual will tolerate inequity. While there is no guarantee that they will be successful in putting theory into practice, they will certainly increase their ability to recognize motivational issues and better prepared to affect change. Inputs Outcomes Choice of a Referent Other Methods of Reducing Inequity Individualism Effort, education, intelligence, experience Pay, autonomy, job status, fringe benefits Range of individuals due to loosely tied in-groups Altering inputs or outcomes of the individual or the comparison other Collectivism Group membership, loyalty, support, respect Harmony, acceptance, social status, solidarity, cohesion May choose out-groups as a group referent, not an individual May alter inputs of self; however, due to shame control they are unlikely to occur The Culturally-Sensitive Equity Model serves to show how the equity theory not only applies to the Western culture, but also Eastern, collectivistic cultures Fadil, et al. Academy of Management journal, 29 2 , 373-384.
Behavior, Expectancy theory, Human behavior 2501 Words 7 Pages Theory : 2 Factor, Expectancy, Equity I. These needs include physiological, safety, ego , and self-actualizing. Maslow put forward an argument that said the lower level needs of employees need to be satisfied before the next higher level need is fulfilled to motivate them. These small imperceptible disparities when stacked together account for a large change. As of current, Sarah has been with Corporation X for 3 years and is in line to move into a management position within the next six months. Psychologist John Stacey Adams put forward his equity theory model in 1962. Thus a teacher from Alberta may accept lower compensation than his colleague in Toronto if his cost of living is different, while a teacher in a remote African village may accept a totally different pay structure.