Contribution of university wits to english drama. Christopher Marlowe's Contribution to English Drama 2019-02-21

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University Wits

contribution of university wits to english drama

University wits The University Wits were a group of late 16th century English playwrights who were educated at the universities Oxford or Cambridge and who became playwrights and popular secular writers. At first the actors as well as the authors of the Miracles were the priests and their chosen assistants. Marlowe was killed in a street brawl, perhaps over bought kisses, and Greene, after a career of unfettered self-dissipation, died friendless and penniless and in a very touchingly repentant frame of mind. The child of one act appeared as the man of the next, and the imagination of the spectator was called upon to bridge the gaps from place to place and from year to year. The play is an adaptation of the Miles Gloriosus, a classic comedy by Plautus, and the English characters are more or less artificial; but as furnishing a model of a clear plot and natural dialogue, the influence of this first comedy, with its mixture of classic and English elements, canhardly be overestimated. They have heroic treatment to the heroic theme. He is the true founder of the popular English drama.

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What is the Contribution of university wits to the Elizabethan drama

contribution of university wits to english drama

They were always ready to take arms against theunwarranted assumption, as it seemed to them, of certain dramatists who lacked this university training,and to confuse them by the sallies of their wit. Of this little constellation, Marlowe is the central sun, and around him revolved as minor stars, Lyly, Greene, Peele, Lodge and Nash. The Morality generally ended in the triumph of virtue, the devil leaping into hell-mouth with Vice on his back. It takes time, privacy, patience, and an understanding family. In the end the native drama prevailed, aided by the popular taste which had been trained by four centuries of Miracles.


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Short Notes on University wits

contribution of university wits to english drama

It is said that Shakespeare followed him closely in his plot of As You Like It. For these and other reasons, we myself and one other believe that was a front for a Court writer. What they established upon the English stage was not a pale copy of the ancient Greek or roman drama, but a kind of romantic drama which was to be later adopted by Shakespeare himself. And, contrary to the prevalent opinion, the Elizabethan drama is not a Minerva-like creation, springing full grown from the head of one man; it is rather an orderly though rapid development, in which many men bore a part. Some wrote poetry, some tales, , some all three.

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Short Notes on University wits

contribution of university wits to english drama

He widened the range of English dramas. Thomas Lodge Thomas Lodge was a lawyer by profession but he gave up his career and took literature as a career. These qualities, excellent when held in restraint, only too often led to loudness and disorder. It differs radically from the other two in that its chief purpose is not to point a moral but to represent human life as it is. Nashe's love of political satire, very much in evidence in his pamphlets, seems to have gone too far in this case.

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(PDF) The University Wits: Their Contribution to English Drama

contribution of university wits to english drama

But that he was more than a front is clear from the many mediocre tales published under his name and several serious translations and medical works he published later. He was popular for Romance Exa. It was an artificial strife which did not involve politics, religion as the Prodestant strifes did , or other dangerous subjects. The same thing is noticeable in Cursor Mundi, which, with the York and Wakefield cycles, belongs to the fourteenth century. Discuss marked characteristics of his works. This was something new for English tragedy.

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The University Wits

contribution of university wits to english drama

Our first plays, especially of the romantic type, were extremely crude and often led to ridiculously extravagant scenes; and here is where the classic drama exercised an immense influence for good, by insisting upon beauty of form and definiteness of structure at a time when the tendency was to satisfy a taste for stage spectacles without regard to either. If they wanted to slow-down, they would u … se the longer Italian-style words. The comedy made gentle fun of the aris … tocracy mainly, although the minor characters were generally peasantry. Alternating with these horrors were bits of rough horse-play and domestic scenes of peace and kindliness, representing the life of the English fields and homes. He is rather excitable and ecstatic, moved to exuberant expression by certain appeals to the imagination, such as the appeal of beauty; but not profoundly emotional as were Shakespeare, or Beaumont and Fletcher, or Webster. His works had a satiric tone. The decade of the 1590s, just before Shakespeare started his career, saw a radical transformation in popular drama.

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Christopher Marlowe's Contribution to English Drama

contribution of university wits to english drama

The relief efforts by Jehovah's Witnesses and their literacy programs are just two examples of the services that Witnesses have been performing around the world for decades. We can easily find the influence of Kyd in the works of Shakespeare. In 1559, Elizabeth decreed a license was also required to perform plays. They were formless and poor in characterisation. The lack of stage sets allowed the dramatists to create rapid, extremely fluid actions. Study abroad has numerous positive influences. John Lyly Lyly is better known for his prose romance Euphues than his dramatic productions.


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(PDF) The University Wits: Their Contribution to English Drama

contribution of university wits to english drama

Humour, when it is brought in at all, is coarse and immature. He made heroic theme popular. The university wits were a group of well educated scholars cum-men of letters who wrote in the closing years of the 16th c. The strict relationship between the laws of man and those of nature was strongly emphasized. He wrote only a few dramas. In all the plays the devil is a favorite character and the butt of every joke.

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16th Century England Theatre: The University Wits

contribution of university wits to english drama

It is a landmark in English tragedy. He has his moments of real poetry. The most famous of his romances is Rosalynde. Bentley in question has apparently scrawled his signature under poems written in the commonplace book. Through interacting with individuals from other nations, students may be able to discover unknown personality traits of themselves. Diccon also drags Doctor Rat, the curate, into the quarrel by telling him that, if he will but creep into Dame Chatte's cottage by a hidden way, he will find her using the stolen needle.

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Who were the University Wits? Discuss their contribution to English Drama.

contribution of university wits to english drama

But modern critics generally designate the mature phase as Jacobean drama and the decline as Caroline drama. Elizabethan society hosted a wide variety of people: Catholics, Puritans, necromancers, nobles, merchants, peasants and each class played a part strictly connected with its individual social status. The play is episodic and lacking any cohesion. Christopher Marlowe 1564-1593 : Christopher Marlowe, one of the most striking figure of the English Renaissance, is the future founder the popular English drama. His Second and bat known romance Rasalynde, it is Said that Shakespeare followed him Closely in his Plot of as you like it. They set the course for later Elizabethan and Jacobean drama, and they paved the way for Shakespeare. Before him,there is, no doubt,blank verse but it is still unformed,artificial and monotonous.

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