These attacks were triggered by the spreading. It was still an autocracy led by Tsar Nicholas ll who possessed complete political power. In February 1917, there was a strike on International Women's Day demanding food. There was also a backlash from the conservative elements of society, with right-wing attacks on strikers, left-wingers, and Jews. Their demands included shorter working hours and a minimum wage. Compared to Britain, Russia's industry were undeveloped, also its people were poor and uneducated.
The culmination of cultural heterogeneity created a cumbersome nationality problem that plagued the Russian government in the years before leading to the revolution. Unfortunately, a peasant could not sell or mortgage his land, so in practice he could not renounce his rights to his land and thus he would be required to pay his share of redemption dues to the village commune. Trade Unions had been made legal in principle, but the police frequently closed down individual unions. The two most commonly referred to are those of around 1905 - a general revolution and period of unrest - and of 1917 - the Bolshevik revolution and overthrowing of the tsardom. Forex Foreign exchange identifies the process of converting domestic currency into international banknotes at particular exchange rates Bofah, 2017, para. Hundreds of thousands died from epidemics on a regular basis. In 1905 tsardom nearly fell.
Industrial workers began to feel dissatisfaction with the Tsarist government despite the protective labour laws the government decreed. The czar and the aristocracy, as well as Russia's capitalist class, lived in opulent luxury in palaces such as the Hermitage while most Russians lived in medieval conditions. The Constitution did not mention any of the provisions of the October Manifesto. However, Congress split into two parties: the Bolsheviks the majority and the Mensheviks the minority. It was more like a military coup than a popular rebellion.
By the turn of the nineteenth to twentieth centuries, these tightly packed and expanding urban areas were experiencing problems like poor and cramped housing, unfair wages, and dwindling rights for workers. He fled Russia when the march was broken up by Tsarist soldier's. The landowners were also unhappy with the terms of emancipation. There were many other factors that led to the 1905 Revolution; some were issues that had plagued the people for a longer period of time than others and some factors were more important than others in causing the Revolution. His intentions were good, and had they been carried out properly would have made Russia stronger socially and economically. The Russian population was made up of a wide range in ethnic backgrounds, with over 22 different nationalities.
Middle The Tsar wasn't the right man for the job because he didn't want to be Tsar in the first place, he found the job boring, as he had to write reports and his own family came before his own country. This effectively ended the 1905 Russian Revolution, although the tsar remained deeply unpopular. This lack of democracy given to the people was a major cause for the revolution. It was reduced to making recommendations which the Tsar was free to ignore. This protest may well have been the turning point in the relationship the tsar, , enjoyed with his people. Knopf New York 1960, p. Petersburg to present the Tsar with a petition.
The moment has come for us when death would be better than the prolongation of our intolerable sufferings. The hunger of the workers, the restricted human rights on the lower classes and, the humiliation that the army brought to the country, after its defeats abroad. But some moderates were satisfied, and many workers, interpreting the October as a victory, returned to their jobs. In the countryside, most farmers still used wooden plow. As the Duma was only a consultative body, many Russians felt that this reform did not go far enough. In Finland order was restored by removing some unpopular legislation, but special military expeditions were sent to Poland, the Baltic provinces, and Georgia, where the suppression of the rebellions was particularly bloody.
Additionally, the repression of the Tsarist regime created a state of great fear and discontent in the country. Although this piece of legislation had brought an end to serfdom, peasants still remained tied to the village commune mir and were angry at the redemption payments they were expected to pay in return for the land they had received. This caused great tension amongst the peasants, liberals and revolutionaries as they felt bitter about Russia taking a step backwards into medieval times. Petersburg alone, the Soviets claimed around 6,000 armed members with the purpose of protecting the meetings. They were the people who owned about 25% of the land, the Tsars government thought that they were one of the most important part of the population in Russia. Those who were satisfied with the manifesto formed the Octobrist party. Dissatisfaction turned into despair for many impoverished workers, which made them more sympathetic to radical ideas.
The Black Hundreds helped the government regain control as even though they did not have governmental approval they hunted down and executed thousands of know reformers meaning that it would be again be easier for the government to survive during the revolution. In 1914 the Russians army was so bad that soldiers often went into battle without guns. This enabled the workers to work together much more effectively against their bosses then the scattered, isolated, and thus largely de-politicized peasantry. Raleigh, Labour camp socialism: the Gulag in the Soviet totalitarian system 2000 , p. The Narodniks attempted to rally the peasants against the Tsar, but failed because of class differences. As stated in The Mass Strike, when collective strike activity was met with what is perceived as repression from an autocratic state, economic and political demands grew into and reinforced each other. The government responded by closing all legal organizations by the end of 1903.