However, his interest in theosophy did not prove to be enduring and he left the society shortly after Brooks departed as his tutor. Entered the field of international development with a career at the World Bank. . It was a radical break from the British colonial period. He set up a Planning Commission, encouraged development of science and technology, and launched three successive five-year plans.
Death Nehru's health began declining steadily after 1962, and he spent months recuperating in Kashmir through 1963. The Official Languages Act was eventually amended in 1967 by the Congress Government headed by to guarantee the indefinite use of Hindi and English as official languages. Article shared by Short biography of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru for kids. India's share of world trade fell from 1. As soon as he arrived he discovered that India was more deeply divided than he had imagined.
Political apprenticeship Nehru returned to India in 1912, where he worked as a barrister in Allahabad while moving up the ranks of the Congress during World War I. Demands for dominion status was rejected by the British in 1929. Nehru was subsequently initiated into the at age thirteen by family friend. He joined the Non-cooperation Movement of Mahatma Gandhi and also went to jail several times for flouting He underwent all the pain and suffering happily for the sake of his country. Jawaharlal Nehru was elected President of the Allahabad Municipal Corporation in 1924, and served for two years as the city's chief executive. Nehru who had been supporting the cause of the people of the princely states for many years was made the President of the conference in 1935. India made very good progress under his leadership, in the field of industry, agriculture and technology.
Social policies Nehru with schoolchildren at the. In later years there emerged a revisionist school of history which sought to blame Nehru for the partition of India, mostly referring to his highly centralised policies for an independent India in 1947, which Jinnah opposed in favour of a more decentralised India. Once elected, Nehru headed an interim government, which was impaired by outbreaks of communal violence and political disorder, and the opposition of the led by , who were demanding a separate Muslim state of Pakistan. He was released after few months. The involvement of the family has traditionally revolved around the , as various members have traditionally led the party. Indian nuclear policy was set by unwritten personal understanding between Nehru and Bhabha.
The second one was by a knife-wielding rickshaw-puller in Maharashtra in 1955. Jawaharlal was the eldest of three children, two of whom were girls. Nehru developed good relations with governments all over the world. During the mid-1930s, Nehru was much concerned with developments in Europe, which seemed to be drifting toward another world war. On 28 May 1964, he was cremated on the bank of Yamuna with all the Hindu rites at the Shantivan.
Britain weighed in with Bren and Sten guns, and airlifted 150 tons of arms to India. Nehru, who had reluctantly heeded Gandhi's call for immediate independence, for he had desired to support the war effort during the , came out of a lengthy prison term to a much altered political landscape. Nehru was arrested and sentenced to four years' imprisonment. The idea behind this act was to give everyone in India the ability to marry outside the personal law under a civil marriage. The British government was subsequently forced to release Besant and make after a period of intense protests. He appointed the National Planning Commission in 1938 to help in framing such policies.
Awards In 1955 Nehru was awarded , India's highest civilian honour. Nehru and Bose reduced the time of opportunity to one year. He has written many books. Under his leadership, the Congress won an overwhelming majority in the elections of 1952. Struggle for Indian Independence 1912—47 Nehru had developed an interest in Indian politics during his time in Britain. There he studied at Harrow School. The constitution of 1950 distinguished between three main types of states: Part A states, which were the former governors' provinces of British India, were ruled by an elected governor and state legislature.
The policy of non-alignment during the meant that Nehru received financial and technical support from both power blocs in building India's industrial base from scratch. Jawaharlal Nehru took active part in the Non- Cooperation Movement 1920-1922 and was arrested for the first time during the movement. He was elected general secretary of the Congress party for two terms in the 1920s. Nehru nominated Gandhi to succeed him as Congress President during his absence in jail, but Gandhi declined, and Nehru then nominated his father as his successor. Nehru and Jinnah walk together at Simla, 1946 When the Japanese carried their attack through Burma now Myanmar to the borders of India in the spring of 1942, the British government, faced by this new military threat, decided to make some overtures to India, as Nehru had originally desired. Nehru was then succeeded by his socialist colleagues Bose 1938—39 and Azad 1940—46. In popular culture Many documentaries about Nehru's life have been produced.