From a structural perspective, Marxists analyse the way society as a whole fits together. One of which is due to poverty. It is a structural approach to society, meaning that it looks at the large-scale societal structure in order to see how society functions and operates. Middle They studied a school in America and found that students are rewarded for behaviours which comply with submissiveness and compliance. However Pearce 1976 argues that they are actually a discuses to benefit the ruling classes. Most of the Maxist perspective is based on observations of the fast paced development of the western world, particularly the Capitalist countries however, as that is what they blame most, if not everything on, because they believe in the Capitalist. Marxists would argue that capitalist society is separated in to two social classes.
The wider social origins like how society is structured meaning the rich have dominance over the poor could lead up to this crime being committed. This view contrasts sharply with the functionalist view that… Words 830 - Pages 4 German thinkers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels developed a theory mainly based on a materialist view of history and society in early 1900s, which is commonly referred as Marxism. Assess the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of society 33 marks - June'13 A popular group of sociologists , who have conducted various amounts of research in regard to society, are Marxists, who believe that power in society is largely stemmed from wealth, which has created a capitalist society a society in which people are employed for wages, and businesses are set up with the aim of making profit. In capitalism the working-class employees proletarian are exploited by the bourgeoisie the ruling-class , because they were not paid the full value of their work since the bourgeoisie kept surplus value. There are many different sociological theories that differ within the role of education within society that attempt to try and explain how society or aspects of society work together. The Marxist theoretical system consists of three parts: Marxist philosophy, Marxist political economy and scientific socialism, which were created on the basis of the German classical philosophy, the British classical political economy and French utopian socialist influence respectively.
Marxist understandings of history and of society have been adopted by academics in the disciplines of archaeology and anthropology, media studies, political science, theater, history,. Therefore, the main contribution of Marxism to the sociology of families and households has been to explain how the family functions to maintain the interests of the bourgeoisie, and maintain the Capitalist system. Due to the poor being abused and exploited there is a high risk of revolt and to overcome this bourgeoisie legitimate the class inequalities and produces false class consciousness through ideologies. People believe that society and the education system is meritocratic. It is a consensus theory being as it sees society as based on a basic consensus or agreement among its members about values, goals and rules. The sexual function is for the married parents. If more than three of these contributing factors were present, subjects were six times more likely to have a criminal conviction as a juvenile.
The proletariat are the working class in capitalist society. A study by West et al 1973 of 411 boys followed from age eight to eighteen found that poverty, large family size, low intelligence, bad parenting and having a parent with a criminal record where all factors in youth criminality. They believe the infrastructure is made up of the economic base and is made up of the social relations between the producers and who owns the means of production. The groups are called the Bourgeoisie, or ruling class, and the Proletariat, or working class. Gramsci 1891-1937 , as an Italian sociologist and political activist, is renowned for his theory of cultural hegemony, which describes how the state uses cultural institutions to maintain power in a capitalist society. Another Neo-Marxist is Mike Brake who in 1980 used subcultural theory to explain the attraction of youth groups. Functionalists also claim that a crime-free society would be dangerous as then the most minor crimes would be severely punished, so disagree with the idea behind the neo-Marxist perspective.
Introduction ï»¿Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of the role of education. Marxism was written upon a materialist interpretation of history. The economic function is the means of the man going off to work in order to provide food and shelter for the rest of the family. Also, a child maybe placed into the wrong set for a subject, if this happens their intelligence may not be able to flourish, or, if a child is put into a higher set which is too advanced for them, they may feel negative as they struggle with the work, or perhaps embarrassed to ask for help if all the other children understand. The functionalist theory is useful for the traditional families, however.
They believe capitalism causes crime in three different ways including, selective law enforcement, criminogenic capitalism and ideological nature of the law. They are a reserve as they assume their natural position in the home. Functionalist analysis has focused on the question of how social systems are maintained. Marxism does not explore this factor efficiently. The world is made up of many competing discourses e.
Karl Marx who was born in Germany in 1818 was a revolutionary whose ideas on society were the foundation of communism. This includes the school and the variety of forms of media, and it is through these that the ruling class is able to socialise individuals into accepting ruling class ideology. The superstructure however is made up of the social institutions of the modern day society. Education satisfies the ruling class as it provides a labour force which are obedient and easily exploitable. This leads to welfare dependency and then an underclass of work-shy individuals with a lack of commitment to society.
Marxist deterministic view did not allow for competitiveness, individuality or self determination. The ruling classes were then able to use this as a scapegoat to divert attention and weaken the opposition to capitalism that was occurring at the time. There are many different points of views in society. In this essay I will be assessing the contribution functionalism has on families and households with the supports of views. The second is overgeneralisation, this is when studies deal with only men but present their findings as though they applied to both men and women. Capitalist society is essentially a two-class system, with ruling class exploiting the working class.
Each individual has a different belief on the importance of family and how it impacts our lives; however, I think functionalism only covers the basic understanding of family and how we are impacted by our own. Marxism is a useful conflict theory in helping us to understand why there was obedience, particularly in the past in society. For example attendance, punctuality, obedience, respect — hand up in class before speaking. Those whom own the means of production, and those whom use the means of production. The proletariat are the working class in capitalist society. This suggests that Marxist Feminists believe family only….