Lesson Summary Group decision making is when a group of individuals tackle a problem together to achieve a solution. The advantages and disadvantages of each particular group and its methods need to be weighed as a whole new decision before the group is even formed. A decision by a single person can be partial in nature and mainly works in his favour so collective decision making is important because it can favour all the people in the organisation. It is based on the following four basic guidelines : a Generate as many ideas as possible. The types of groups are: 1 Primary Group, which for Charles Cooley is face-to-face association and cooperation. The article is Written By Prachi Juneja and Reviewed By Management Study Guide Content Team.
The tyranny of a powerful head can be reduced. These experts are asked to provide potential solutions through a series of thoughtfully designed questionnaires. The process is highly time consuming in terms of assembling the right group and usually a group takes more time in reaching a consensus since there are too many opinions to be taken into consideration. So they can generate greater number of alternative solutions with higher quality compared with just one individual doing the task. Not every decision is the correct resolution, but there are better decisions made when there is a group effort. Business Decision Mapping, Cognition, Decision engineering 822 Words 3 Pages Team Decision Making For At-Risk Families Team decision making in regards to at risk-families involves supportive individuals who collaborate together to making decisions that will affect a child in the protection of the social welfare system placement.
The following advantages of group decision- making were demonstrated in this approximately. Business Decision Mapping, Cognition, Decision engineering 1821 Words 7 Pages If you are part of a group, working for a company or a club then you will have to make several decisions. Delphi Technique : The name Delphi indicates a shrine at which the ancient Greeks used to pray for information about the future. Greater Knowledge Base : Groups tend to have a greater knowledge base, since these involve more than one person and two heads are always considered better than one. Brainstorming, the nominal group technique as.
Decision making and problem solving are ongoing processes of evaluating situations or problems, considering alternatives, making choices, and following them up with the necessary actions. By refraining themselves from outside influences and actively suppressing opposing viewpoints in the interest of minimizing conflict, group members reach a consensus decision without critical evaluation of substitute viewpoints. The purpose of this step is to decide the relative merits of each idea. The time problem increases with the group size. Committees serve as an important technique of coordination by bringing together managers from different departments. Making decisions in a group has its advantages and disadvantages: Advantage 1: There are many more people to contribute to the discussion, meaning more ideas.
Such support may not be wholehearted. The Disadvantages of Group Decision Making: 1. The input from a larger number of people eliminates the biases that are generally introduced due to individual decision making. Group decision processes are not appropriate where prompt action is required. This discourages the person to make quality ideas and opinion and standing up firm to his decision. One of the weaknesses of group decision making is groupthink.
The sharing of information helps the company make an informed decision. Disagreements and Groupthink If managers have fundamental disagreements about how to approach a decision, it may be difficult -- if not impossible -- for a group to reach a consensus, which is a result that everyone can agree to even if it represents the lowest common denominator of all ideas offered. Cognition, Critical thinking, Crowd psychology 1024 Words 3 Pages Advantages vs. Doubts and ambiguity can be removed on the spot. In fact, the more ideas that come up, the better. The desire for consensus also can cause decision makers to avoid conflict and the presentative of alternatives. Therefore, committee decisions are not necessarily the best decisions but merely acceptable ones.
No matter what technique is used, group decision making has clear advantages and disadvantages when compared with individual decision making. However, frequent need for consolidation of splintered authority is the sign of a poor organisation structure. Information and ideas can be easily transmitted both upward and downward. The decisions made by groups are mostly different from those made by individuals. The decision reached could be a compromise rather than the optimal solution. Group decision making also known as collaborative decision making is when individuals collectively make a choice from the alternatives before them. Thus the in-group significantly overrates its own decision-making abilities and significantly underrates the abilities of its opponents the out-group.
Sharing information can increase understanding, clarify issues, and facilitate movement toward a collective decision. Voting System: Group discussion is a process where a large number of ideas are put forth in front of the group and a decision needs to be made which will come in favour of both the individual and the firm. This saves the bakery time and it also results into quality products. Before preserving your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Members are selected because they are experts or have relevant information to share; A typical approach involved in decision-making works as a follows : Firstly, a small group of members designs a questionnaire which is administered in a larger group.
About the Author Neil Kokemuller has been an active business, finance and education writer and content media website developer since 2007. For this, an expert might already be involved in the group or he is called from outside to give advice regarding the decision that is to be made. Necessary adjustments may include providing additional staff, giving more time, or freeing members from other work assignments so they can fully participate in the decision-making process. This will result in decisions that may be detrimental to organizational benefits. It is difficult to do so if anything goes wrong with a decision made by a group. Making decisions in a group can, thus, be time-consuming. Group decisions can lead to better decision outcomes by bringing to bear a broader range of perspectives.